HAIR / SCALP TYPE
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HAIR / SCALP TYPE
The best way to understand your precious hair better and take care of them is by determining what type of scalp you have. Only then you will understand why your strands behave in a certain way! Today we will help you to figure out your scalp type and the best shampoo as per different types of scalp.
SEBACEOUS SCALP - Oily Scalp
Sebaceous hyper-secretion is a pathology of the scalp due to an excessive production of sebum caused by the hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands. Some of the most frequent symptoms include: head itch, acrid odor and yellowish color. Seborrhea sometimes evolves into seborrheic dermatitis a condition in which excess sebum is accompanied by an inflammation of the scalp which reacts producing oily flakes in the hair and can be easily misunderstood as being dandruff but differs in some aspects: the flakes are usually larger, conglobate, generally oily and yellowish in appearance and the scalp skin appears light red. Usually not only the hair and scalp are affected but also eyebrows and face are. Another scalp anomaly related to seborrhea and Hyperhidrosis can be determined by excessive sweating of the sweat glands. Hyperhidrosis is due to physical genetic causes and above all to the emotional attitude we generate during our life processes. The skin is very delicate, easily irritable and almost always congested by blood vessel stasis. The indiscriminate use of shampoo with too much detergent, harsh and toxic ingredients over activates the sweat glands which can cause excess sweating. The more the hair is washed and the more it’ll become greasy.
This can commonly occur with long hair when your scalp is oily and gets flaky but your ends are dry. Your roots get greasy and limp easily, while the ends of your hair remain dry and rough.
Dry scalp is a problem often associated with a sensation of itching, discomfort or a burning sensation. In most cases this symptom is due to the lack of skin lipids and / or dehydration. The alteration of the hydro-lipid’s correct balancing may be caused by a dysfunction of the sweat and / or sebaceous glands which do not produce sufficient water and sebum. A dry scalp can also depend on external factors such as and due to the use of treatments that force the disintegration of the keratin or due to the use of extremely aggressive detergents. The dry skin will look like a dry flake (dandruff) which will create an intense flaking from the scalp. It often appears with thru the detachment of whitish flakes of dry and dead skin at the base of the hair due to an excessive epithelial cell turnover (keratinocytes). A symptom that usually accompanies the dandruff is itching. The causes can beseveral such as; a genetic predisposition, a physical and/or emotional stress, hormonal changes, dry or greasy skin, increased sebum secretion or wrong eating habits (ex.excessive consumption of fats, abuse of alcohol, a poor diet of foods rich in zinc, lack of vitamin B etc. Dandruff can be related also to the irritation caused by some hair care products and a more severe form of dry flakes such as psoriasis can often be confused with dandruff or with seborrheic dermatitis and is characterized by the presence of patches that remain localized on the scalp without extending to other parts of the body. These patches thicken and create a crust as time goes by and can sometimes also affect the temples, the back of the neck and the ears. The psoriasis of the scalp is in no way related to hair loss but often present in very nervous people and can cause an intense and annoying itching.
There are many forms of alopecia. The most known is the androgenetic alopecia which due to an excess of DHT (dihydrotestosterone a hormone harmful to the hair follicle) and is characterized by the loss of hair on the front and upper areas of the head. This disorder mainly affects men and can also develop in very early during sexual maturation. Women can be affected by alopecia especially when going thru the menopause. The stem gets thinner, the hair is becomes less bright and then the stems begin to break and the hair falls off.
The thickness of the hair changes accordingly to different factors. One of these is the heritage. Many people have a flowing and thick hair since their birth and this is a sign of difference in health from thin and fine hair because thin hair is more vulnerable to the aggressiveness of external agents and generally less robust. A weak bark with a small dimension makes the hair grow thinner and less robust and will therefore break easily. Often the fragility of the hair is related to its weakness.
Dry hair can be the result of the imbalances inside and outside our body but most of the time this problem is related to environmental origins. For many people and in particular for women dry hair can be a big aesthetic problem because its dryness effect gives to the hair an unpleasant “straw effect” which gives a neglecting feeling to it. As mentioned above, the causes of the dry hair can be inside and outside our organism or related to some environmental origins. Beyond that, dry hair can also be the result of a poor sebaceous activity or more rarely, related to pathological conditions such as anemia or thyroid disorders (hypoor hyperthyroidism). At the origin of this problem there may also be nutritional factors such as a rigid diet or a lack in vitamins and essential fatty acids.
Hair reconstruction treatments are deeper than conditioner treatments. These treatments reconstruct the internal and external part of the hair. The result lasts longer in time. Conditioners and hair masks work only on the superficial part of the hair, whilst the reconstruction treatments are able to give back to the hair its own keratin. The treatment can be done when the hair is ruined and damaged. This situation can be a consequence of some mechanical and physical (chemical treatments, incorrect styling, excessive use of heating tools and hairdryers, atmospheric and polluting agents (sun, salt, wind, chlorine and smog), stressful life and wrong nutrition. People often follow diets that exclude all the essential ingredients for the health of their hair such as carbohydrates, magnesium and zinc. Age also has an impact to the hair, therefore it needs external support.